By Countercurrents Collective
Remnants of KPFM-1S-SK cassettes manufactured in 1988 that Human Rights Watch researchers found in Izium in October 2022. These cassettes are used for the delivery of PFM mines by the 9M27K3 Uragan mine-laying rocket. The cassette opens in flight using a small explosive charge to separate it from the rocket motor section of the weapon and scatters 312 PFM mines into an area. © 2022 Human Rights Watch
The Ukrainian army injured scores of Ukrainian civilians when it fired thousands of illegal mines across the city of Izium last year, Human Rights Watch (HRW) has alleged.
The mines, similar to those allegedly used by Ukraine against civilians in Donetsk, were found near schools and kindergartens.
The mines were fired into the city by rocket while it was occupied by Russian forces between April and September of last year, the HRW said in a report published on Tuesday.
Dispersed hundreds at a time, the Soviet-era PFM mines are distinctively butterfly- or petal-shaped devices and are designed to main rather than kill those unfortunate enough to step on them or pick them up.
The HRW documented numerous cases in which rockets carrying PFM antipersonnel mines, also called “butterfly mines” or “petal mines,” were fired into Russian-occupied areas near Russian military facilities.
The HRW team entered the city following Russia’s withdrawal in mid-September and found the mines in nine locations, including a school, and kindergarten, and a hospital.
Healthcare workers said that more than 50 civilians, including at least five children, were wounded by the mines. Around half of the injuries led to amputations of the foot or lower leg. At least one death was recorded, that of an elderly man who picked up one of the devices in his yard. However, investigators could not rule out other factors in the man’s death.
Some of the mines were fitted with timed fuses, and would explode without warning up to three days after being dispersed.
According to more than 100 residents, Russian forces attempted to warn locals of the danger posed by the Ukrainian mines, cleared some of the explosives, and transported victims to Russia for treatment. Once the Russians left Izium, demining duties were reportedly carried out by Ukrainian troops.
Use of such antipersonnel mines is prohibited under the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty, to which Ukraine is a signatory. The U.S. and Russia are not parties to the treaty.
Questioned by HRW, the Ukrainian government insisted that it abides by all of its international obligations, but refused to comment on the type of munitions it used in and around Izium.
“Any use of antipersonnel landmines is unlawful, and Ukraine should thoroughly investigate what happened and ensure its forces do not use them,” HRW arms division director Steve Goose stated in the report. Speaking to US news outlet NPR, Goose said that while HRW believes that Russia has also used these mines, Ukraine’s “moral high ground has been compromised” by the latest findings.
Ukraine also used PFM mines in the cities of Kharkov and Donetsk last year, according to officials in both locations, though Kiev denied the claims. The mines were also found strewn across Russia’s Belgorod Region in large numbers after a Ukrainian bombardment last summer.
Update From HRW
Human Rights Watch has welcomed Ukraine’s commitment to thoroughly analyze the report on antipersonnel landmines, as announced in a statement by the Ukraine Ministry of Foreign Affairs on January 31.
The HRW hope that the government will carry out a prompt, thorough, and impartial investigation into our findings. The HRW welcomes further dialogue with the Ukrainian authorities on this issue.
Countercurrents is answerable only to our readers. Support honest journalism because we have no PLANET B.
3 February 2023